MAZE: Maze Learning Test


Test for nonverbal, spatial learning.

The Maze Learning Test aims to measure non-verbal, spatial learning. As such, according to the literature, the performance on this test may reveal something about the functioning of the hippocampus, but also about the executive functioning of the frontal lobe. The participant has to find the (hidden) path in a maze, between a starting box and a final box, by always marking a box. If the participant marks a box on the path, it becomes green until the next box is highlighted. If the box is outside the path, it will temporarily have a red color. Each step that is done remains only visible until the next step (as opposed to the image above). Boxes may not be skipped and the participant may not move diagonally. The intention is to determine in how many trials the course can be completed without errors. Standard criterion to end the test is 3 consecutive error-free trials. The standard maze contains 28 steps with 12 changes of direction, on a grid of 10 x 10 boxes, but also a different course on a smaller grid can be selected. A researcher can choose from six mazes, but “own” mazes can easily be added. Possibly, several similar labyrinths can be presented in succession, which can provide information about, among other things, procedural learning.

Reaction mode is with the mouse or via a touch screen. Preliminary (Australian) norms for men and women (Bowden, 1989) and an interpretative part are included in the report.


Bowden, S.C. (1989). Maze Learning: Reliability and Equivalence of Alternative pathways. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 3, 137-144.